This study was conducted to determine :
(1) issues in intervention design that have been addressed in behavioral interventions targeting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - risk behaviors among adolescents ;
(2) specific choices made in intervention design ;
(3) historic changes in the likelihood that issues in intervention design will be addressed ;
and (4) if an association exists between quality of evaluation design and the number of intervention design issues addressed.
Literature search employing five electronic databases and 11 journals for articles published from January 1983 through December 1993 reporting evaluations of adolescent HIV-risk reduction interventions.
The frequency with which 12 issues in intervention design were addressed :
basing the intervention on a theory of behavioral change ;
specifying a target population ;
involving the targeted community in the formulation of the intervention ;
addressing developmental issues ;
providing facts ;
strengthening interpersonal skills ;
describing the media (format) for delivering the intervention ;
specifying potentially relevant characteristics of the interventionists ;
describing the duration of the intervention ;
providing boosters ;
pilot testing the intervention ;
and including other potentially augmentative elements.
Twenty-eight published intervention articles were included in these analyses. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Adolescent, Homme, Prise risque, Article synthèse, Programme sanitaire, Changement comportement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Adolescent, Human, Risk taking, Review, Sanitary program, Behavior change
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0355144
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.