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  1. Design issues addressed in published evaluations of adolescent HIV-risk reduction interventions : A review.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This study was conducted to determine :

    • (1) issues in intervention design that have been addressed in behavioral interventions targeting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - risk behaviors among adolescents ;

    • (2) specific choices made in intervention design ;

    • (3) historic changes in the likelihood that issues in intervention design will be addressed ;

    • and (4) if an association exists between quality of evaluation design and the number of intervention design issues addressed.

    Design 

    Literature search employing five electronic databases and 11 journals for articles published from January 1983 through December 1993 reporting evaluations of adolescent HIV-risk reduction interventions.

    Main outcomes measures 

    The frequency with which 12 issues in intervention design were addressed :

    • basing the intervention on a theory of behavioral change ;

    • specifying a target population ;

    • involving the targeted community in the formulation of the intervention ;

    • addressing developmental issues ;

    • providing facts ;

    • strengthening interpersonal skills ;

    • describing the media (format) for delivering the intervention ;

    • specifying potentially relevant characteristics of the interventionists ;

    • describing the duration of the intervention ;

    • providing boosters ;

    • pilot testing the intervention ;

    • and including other potentially augmentative elements.

    Results 

    Twenty-eight published intervention articles were included in these analyses. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Adolescent, Homme, Prise risque, Article synthèse, Programme sanitaire, Changement comportement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Adolescent, Human, Risk taking, Review, Sanitary program, Behavior change

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0355144

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.