Risk factors for wasting and stunting were examined in a longitudinal study of 18 544 children younger than 30 mo in Metro Cebu, Philippines.
Measures of household demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, maternal characteristics and behavior, and child biological variables were analyzed cross-sectionally in six child age-residence strata by using logistic regression.
Our results support biological and epidemiologic evidence that wasting and stunting represent different processes of malnutrition.
They also indicate that the principal risk factors for stunting and wasting in infants<6 mo of age were either maternal behaviors or child biological characteristics under maternal control, eg, breast-feeding status and birth weight.
After 6 mo of age, household socioeconomic characteristics emerged with behavioral and biological variables as important determinants of malnutrition, eg, father's education and presence of a television and/or radio.
Household socioeconomic status influenced the risk of stunting earlier in rural than in urban barangays.
Implications of the results for interventions are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Philippines, Asie, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Carence alimentaire, Protéine, Energie, Retard staturopondéral, Etude transversale, Facteur risque, Malnutrition, Etat nutritionnel, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Déficit taille/age, Déficit poids/taille
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Philippine Islands, Asia, Rural environment, Urban environment, Nutritional deficiency, Proteins, Energy, Growth retardation, Cross sectional study, Risk factor, Malnutrition, Nutritional status, Infant, Human, Child, Stunting, Wasting
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0354842
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 10/04/1997.