The purpose of this paper is to determine psychosocial and behavioral factors that are associated with variation in contraceptive use among adolescents.
Because regular use of contraception may be seen both as a conventional behavior and as a health-protective behavior, analyses assess the association between psychosocial conventionality and health orientation, on the one hand, and variation in contraceptive use, on the other.
Analyses are based on an urban sample of 971 white, African-American, and Hispanic male and female sexually active high school students.
Study participants filled out a 38-page questionnaire that included a wide range of measures derived from Problem-Behavior Theory.
Correlational analysis and hierarchical regression analysis indicate that more regular contraceptive use is associated with greater psychosocial conventionality and also with greater orientation toward health for both male and female adolescents.
These relationships hold when the sociodemographic characteristics of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, grade in school, family composition, and pregnancy experience are controlled.
The linkages of psychosocial conventionality and health orientation to contraceptive behavior are stronger for African-American than for white and Hispanic adolescents.
The present findings establish a more comprehensive and more distal set of influences on regularity of contraceptive use. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Utilisation, Contraceptif, Adolescent, Homme, Comportement, Santé, Démographie, Statut social, Comportement social, Personnalité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Use, Contraceptive, Adolescent, Human, Behavior, Health, Demography, Social status, Social behavior, Personality
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0354666
Code Inist : 002A26J04. Création : 10/04/1997.