This study tested four hypotheses :
(1) a high percentage of 9-and 10-year-old girls are already trying to lose weight ; (2) more white than black girls are trying to lose weight ; (3) more black than white girls are trying to gain weight ; and (4) weight modification efforts of preadolescent girls are influenced by factors other than race, such as maternal criticism, body dissatisfaction, and socioeconomic status.
Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data on 2379 girls 9 and 10 years of age, which consisted of 1213 black and 1166 white enrollees.
Black girls were taller and heavier and showed earlier signs of puberty than white girls but were less dissatisfied with their weight, body shape, and body parts.
Approximately 40% of 9-and 10-year-old girls reported that they were trying to lose weight.
Of those girls classified in the fourth quartile of body mass index (BMI), approximately 75% were trying to lose weight.
After adjusting for BMI, no significant black and white differences in the prevalence of those trying to lose weight were seen, but significantly more black than white girls were trying to gain weight.
Multiple logistic regression identified a high BMI, the mother telling her she was too fat, and body dissatisfaction as the major factors associated with trying to lose weight.
However, chronic dieting was only associated with a high BMI and the mother telling her she was too fat. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids corporel, Indice masse corporelle, Perte poids, Race, Caucasoïde, Négroïde, Préadolescent, Homme, Motivation, Analyse statistique, Etude comparative, Enfant, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Body weight, Body mass index, Weight loss, Race, Caucasoid, Negroid, Preadolescent, Human, Motivation, Statistical analysis, Comparative study, Child, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0351251
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.