Total skin examination during public screening for malignant melanoma is often advocated, but the benefit of this approach has not been established properly.
We assessed the yield of examination of the entire skin, in addition to examination of intentionally shown skin lesions, in people attending melanoma screening clinics in southern Limburg, the Netherlands, in 1993.
Of the 4146 attenders, 2910 (70%) showed a specific skin spot.
Additional examination of the entire skin was offered to 1385 people.
There were 1221 evaluable cases.
Fourteen presumptive diagnoses of malignancies were encountered : seven malignant melanomas, all with low clinical suspicion, and seven basal cell carcinomas.
Histology revealed three basal cell carcinomas.
No malignant melanomas were confirmed by histology.
It is concluded that additional total skin examination during screening for malignant melanoma is not worthwhile, except perhaps for persons presenting lesions that are suspicious of melanoma or dysplastic naevi.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dépistage, Mélanome malin, Exploration clinique, Peau, Localisation, Pays Bas, Europe, Etude statistique, Conduite à tenir, Programme sanitaire, Evaluation, Méthodologie, Homme, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical screening, Malignant melanoma, Clinical investigation, Skin, Localization, Netherlands, Europe, Statistical study, Clinical management, Sanitary program, Evaluation, Methodology, Human, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0349822
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 10/04/1997.