The purpose of this paper is to call attention to the increased importance of workplace safety in the field of operations management, and to suggest ways in which this topic can be woven into research agendas.
A key tenet is the proposition that the competitive priority construct (quality, cost, delivery and flexibility) may need to be expanded to include social responsibility - with workplace safety as one dimension of this new priority.
The cost of workplace injuries in the U.S. is increasing at an alarming rate, and accident occurrences have grown steadily over the last several years.
The manufacturing sector is especially vulnerable to safety problems and, thus, is the central focus of this paper.
A number of new factors are increasing the importance of related issues for operations managers.
Three of these factors - the quality movement, changes in technology and changes in operations practices - are embedded within the operations function.
Two others - workforce diversity and organized labor interests - are associated with the human resource function but have links with operations.
Political, legal and public forces stem from outside the boundaries of the organization, but still have important influences on operations management.
Regardless of the origins of these phenomena, all have direct effects on the management of operations and all have significant implications for research in this field.
Mots-clés Pascal : Théorie, Gestion industrielle, Recherche industrielle, Fabrication, Personnel, Risque professionnel, Accident, Effet économique et social, Technologie, Prévention accident
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Workplace safety, Operations management, Workforce diversity, Theory, Industrial management, Industrial research, Manufacture, Personnel, Occupational risks, Accidents, Economic and social effects, Technology, Accident prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0348715
Code Inist : 002B30B. Création : 10/04/1997.