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  1. Effect of a state law on reported bicycle Helmet ownership and use.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To evaluate the effect of a state law on reported bicycle helmet ownership and use.

    Design 

    Multistage cluster random-digit-dialing telephone survey.

    Setting 

    Georgia, June through November 1993.

    Participants 

    Adults who reported the behavior of bicyclists 4 through 15 years old.

    Intervention 

    State law mandating helmet use after July 1,1993, for all bicyclists aged younger than 16 years.

    Main Outcome Measures 

    Bicycle helmet ownership and use.

    Results 

    Reported helmet ownership increased from 39% before the law took effect to 57% afterward (+46%, P=06).

    Reported use increased from 33% before to 52% afterward (+58%, P<. 05).

    About 7% of riders changed from « never-wearing » to « always-wearing » behavior.

    After the law took effect, in those households in which the law was known, 69% of riders owned and 64% used a helmet.

    By comparison, in those households in which the law was not known, only 30% owned and 25% used a helmet (P<. 01).

    Reported ownership and use were 93% concordant, inversely related to rider age, and directly related to household income.

    Multivariable analysis indicated that race was an effect modifier of reported helmet ownership and use.

    In black riders, knowledge of the law appeared to be highly associated with both reported helmet ownership and use but was not significant in white riders.

    In white riders, though, age and income were significantly associated with reported helmet ownership and use. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Traumatisme, Crânioencéphalique, Bicyclette, Géorgie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme, Accident circulation, Législation, Résultat, Enfant, Enquête, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Crâne pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Trauma, Craniocerebral, Bicycle, Georgia, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human, Traffic accident, Legislation, Result, Child, Inquiry, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Skull disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0347508

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.