A total of 728 patients admitted to the medical, gynaecological and surgical departments of one urban and one rural general hospital in Austria were investigated for psychiatric morbidity.
Using the Clinical Interview Schedule and its case criteria, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was found to be highest in medical departments (38.2%), followed by surgical departments (32.5%), and lowest in gynaecological departments (20.7%). Among medical and surgical patients, dementia and substance abuse disorders were the most frequent psychiatric categories, while in gynaecological departments neurotic disorders showed the highest frequency.
For the sample as a whole, single status (i.e. unmarried, widowed or divorced), lower social class and rural catchment area of the general hospital predicted a high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in a logistic regression analysis, while complications of childbirth, pregnancy or the puerperium, and diseases of the skin or the musculoskeletal system showed a negative association with psychiatric illness.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hôpital général, Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Autriche, Europe, Adulte, Homme, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Environnement social, Service hospitalier, Gynécologie, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General hospital, Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Austria, Europe, Adult, Human, Rural environment, Urban environment, Social environment, Hospital ward, Gynecology, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0347260
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 10/04/1997.