A two-stage cross-sectional survey was performed in a representative rural sample of the autonomous community of Cantabria, to investigate the social, medical and psychopathological factors associated with alcohol consumption.
Alcohol consumption was investigated by means of a specific questionnaire.
Mental and physical health was evaluated in the first-stage sample using : (1) the General Health Questionnaire, (2) the Cornell Medical Index.
In the second stage all members of the sample were interviewed at home using the 140-item version of the Present State Examination (PSE-9).
We found that 25.4% of males and 0.6% of females were consuming more than 63 alcohol units per week.
Alcohol consumption was significantly associated with different social variables.
Although it was possible to detect an increase in weekend drinking, especially in the heavy alcohol users, daily alcohol consumption, mainly around meals, was the predominant drinking pattern.
We also found a significant inverse association between excessive alcohol consumption and the presence of physical or mental illness.
Excessive alcohol use tended to be associated in males with depression and in females, with anxiety.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Espagne, Europe, Environnement social, Milieu rural, Démographie, Sexe, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Spain, Europe, Social environment, Rural environment, Demography, Sex, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0347257
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 10/04/1997.