Incidence of death and hospitalization from assault occurring in and around licensed premises : a comparative analysis.
The aim of the research was to : determine the incidence of serious assault in and around licensed premises in New Zealand, and to compare the circumstances of assault with those that occurred in other locations.
For the period 1978-87, inclusive, 49 assault fatalities occurred in or around licensed premises representing 9.4% of all homicides and 12.9% where a place was specified.
The comparable figures for assaults resulting in hospitalization in 1988 were : 251,10.2% and 18.4%, respectively.
Further analyses suggests that our estimate of the incidence rate is likely to be an underestimate due to changes over time in the large number of assault cases which have no specific place of occurrence identified.
In comparison with homes homicides in licensed premises were more likely to involve :
Maori, unarmed fights and brawls ;
unknown assailants ;
occur during the evening and toward the end of the week ;
and result in head injury.
For non-fatal events similar differences were found.
In comparison with homes non-fatal assaults were more likely to involve :
Maori, the unemployed, unarmed fights and brawls, and head injury.
There have been a number of significant policy changes in New Zealand since 1988 which may have resulted in a change to the situation reported here.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble comportement social, Violence, Mortalité, Hospitalisation, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Nouvelle Zélande, Océanie, Adulte, Homme, Vente, Accessibilité, Disponibilité, Boisson alcoolisée
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social behavior disorder, Violence, Mortality, Hospitalization, Incidence, Epidemiology, New Zealand, Oceania, Adult, Human, Sales, Accessibility, Availability, Alcoholic beverage
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0346817
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 10/04/1997.