Heat-related deaths during the July 1995 heat wave in Chicago.
Background During a record-setting heat wave in Chicago in July 1995, there were at least 700 excess deaths, most of which were classified as heat-related.
We sought to determine who was at greatest risk for heat-related death.
Methods We conducted a case-control study in Chicago to identify risk factors associated with heat-related death and death from cardiovascular causes from July 14 through July 17,1995.
Beginning on July 21, we interviewed 339 relatives, neighbors, or friends of those who died and 339 controls matched to the case subjects according to neighborhood and age.
Results The risk of heat-related death was increased for people with known medical problems who were confined to bed (odds ratio as compared with those who were not confined to bed, 5.5) or who were unable to care for themselves (odds ratio, 4.1).
Also at increased risk were those who did not leave home each day (odds ratio, 6.7), who lived alone (odds ratio, 2.3), or who lived on the top floor of a building (odds ratio, 4.7).
Having social contacts such as group activities or friends in the area was protective.
In a multivariate analysis, the strongest risk factors for heat-related death were being confined to bed (odds ratio, 8.2) and living alone (odds ratio, 2.3) ; the risk of death was reduced for people with working air conditioners (odds ratio, 0.3) and those with access to transportation (odds ratio, 0.3). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chaleur, Vague, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Age, Alité, Malade, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Prévention, Traitement, Homme, Chicago
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Heat, Sea surface wave, Mortality, Risk factor, Age, Bedfast, Patient, Cardiovascular disease, Prevention, Treatment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0342427
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.