Background-Studies demonstrating that deprived household living conditions during childhood are risk factors for acquisition of Helicobacter pylori infection have been performed mainly in adults, who probably acquired the infection several decades ago.
This study investigates whether deprived household living conditions remain important risk factors for infection in subjects (children) with recently acquired infection.
Aims-To examine the relation between current household living conditions and acquisition of H pylori infection in childhood.
Subjects/setting-Opportunistically recruited group of 367 children, aged 3 to 15 years, undergoing routine non-gastrointestinal day surgery.
Methods-Anti-H pylori IgG antibodies measured by a commercial enzyme linked immunosorbent assay validated for use in children.
Postal questionnaire collecting sociodemographic data and data on household living conditions.
Infection was associated with social class and overcrowding in the household.
After adjustment for age, social class, and household density, a positive association remained between infection with H pylori and bed-sharing between children and parents on one or two nights per week, odds ratio for infection (95% CI), 2.29 (1.21,4.32) or more frequently, odds ratio for infection (95% CI), 2.95 (1.35,6.45). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bactérie, Contamination, Relation, Mode de vie, A domicile, Surpopulation, Proximité, Parent, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Bactériose, Estomac pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Helicobacter pylori, Spirillaceae, Spirillales, Bacteria, Contamination, Relation, Life habit, At home, Crowding, Proximity, Parent, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Child, Human, Bacteriosis, Gastric disease, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0335998
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 10/04/1997.