Past-year status was investigated in a sample of 4,585 adults with prior DSM-IV alcohol dependence.
Those who had and had not received treatment for alcohol problems were compared in terms of past-year status and its correlates, to see if the experience of treatment samples would be reflective of the course of alcoholism in the general population.
In the past year, 27.8% of the total sample met the criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence, 22.3% were abstinent, and 49.9% were drinkers who did not satisfy the criteria for either abuse or dependence.
Persons who had been treated for alcohol problems were about twice as likely to be abstainers as those who had not been treated (38.8% vs. 16.4%), but only about half as likely to fall into the past-year category of drinking without abuse or dependence (28.0% vs. 57.8%). These differentials were of constant magnitude, regardless of the interval since the onset of dependence.
For the sample as a whole, persons who had received treatment were slightly more likely than their untreated counterparts to have had alcohol abuse or dependence in the past year (33.2% vs. 25.8%), and this differential increased with the interval since the onset of dependence. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Dépendance, Traitement, Sevrage toxique, Antécédent, Consommation, Abstinence, Demande thérapeutique, Démographie, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Dependence, Treatment, Poison withdrawal, Antecedent, Consumption, Abstinence, Therapeutical request, Demography, Inquiry, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0335333
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 10/04/1997.