Month of birth and schizophrenia in Taiwan : effect of gender, family history and age at onset.
Schizophrenic patients have been shown to have a moderate excess of winter births in the areas where seasonal variations in weather are large.
In this report, we examined the seasonality of schizophrenic births in Taiwan, which has a subtropical climate.
Using nationwide hospitalization data (2429 male and 1320 female schizophrenic patients), we applied the life table method to compare the risk of schizophrenia among 12 cohorts of month-of-birth for males and females, respectively.
Differences among the risks of the 12 cohorts were tested using the logrank test.
The samples were further stratified by family history and age at onset.
There was a significant association between the risk of being admitted as a schizophrenic and month of birth for both males and females.
The cohorts born in November and January had the highest risks.
After stratification, the association was significant only for non-familial, male, and early onset schizophrenic patients.
The results indicate that seasonally varying factors might increase the risk of schizophrenia, especially in those without a family history of the disease.
Men are more vulnerable to such factors than women, and the schizophrenics resulting from such insults tend to be early onset.
Mots-clés Pascal : Schizophrénie, Psychose, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Taiwan, Asie, Date naissance, Mois, Saison, Sexe, Age apparition, Histoire familiale, Etude cohorte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Inquiry, Epidemiology, Taiwan, Asia, Birth date, Month, Season, Sex, Age of onset, Family story, Cohort study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0333584
Code Inist : 002B18C06A. Création : 10/04/1997.