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  1. The relationship of type A behavior and its components to all-cause mortality in an elderly subgroup of men from the Western Collaborative Group Study.

    Article - En anglais

    This study examined prospectively the relationship of Type A behavior and its components to all-cause mortality in 1,118 men (age 60 to 86) who participated in a 27-year follow-up examination of the Western Collaborative Group Study.

    Global Type A/B behavior was assessed in these subjects using a modified version of the Structured Interview.

    Additional psychological data that related to this construct were obtained from self-report questionnaires.

    The relationship of these data, controlling for other biological risk factors, to 6-year all-cause mortality was investigated by means of a tree-structured survival analysis (TSSA).

    Using age, Type A behavior, Cook-Medley hostility, ever smoking, and cancer status at follow-up, TSSA identified 6 subgroups that differed in survival rates and associated risk factor profiles.

    The most favorable survival was experienced by 2 subgroups, one composed of older Type A subjects who scored the lowest on anger-hostility and depression, the other consisting entirely of Type B subjects who had never smoked.

    The worst survival was experienced by subjects with diagnosed cancer at the 27-year follow-up, and intermediate survival rates were experienced by 3 subgroups that differed markedly on age, smoking, Type A/B behavior, and Cook-Medley hostility.

    The present study is the first to characterize Type A's with favorable and unfavorable survival rates among the elderly.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement type A, Personnalité, Etude longitudinale, Mortalité, Vieillard, Homme, Mâle, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Type A behavior, Personality, Follow up study, Mortality, Elderly, Human, Male, Inquiry, Epidemiology, California, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0332370

    Code Inist : 002A26N03B. Création : 10/04/1997.