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  1. Mental disorder and crime : Evidence for a Danish birth cohort.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Evidence has accumulated since the mid 1960s from a number of different countries indicating an association between mental disorder and crime and particularly between the major mental disorders and violence.

    Registries in Denmark were used to identify a birth cohort and to document all psychiatric admissions and all criminal proceedings of the 324 401 members of this cohort up to the age of 43 years.

    Methods 

    Persons who had been admitted to a psychiatric ward were assigned to a diagnostic category according to a hierarchy of principal discharge diagnoses.

    They were compared with persons never admitted to a psychiatric ward as to the prevalence, type, and frequency of criminal convictions.

    Results 

    Women and men who had been hospitalized in psychiatric wards were more likely to have been convicted of a criminal offense than persons with no history of psychiatric hospitalization.

    The offenders who were hospitalized committed all types and, on average, as many offenses as did the never-hospitalized group of the same sex.

    Conclusions 

    These findings confirm those from 2 other post-World War II Scandinavian birth cohorts that have found an association between psychiatric hospitalization and criminal convictions. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Violence, Délinquance, Trouble comportement social, Association morbide, Etude cohorte, Danemark, Europe, Etude longitudinale, Epidémiologie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Violence, Delinquency, Social behavior disorder, Concomitant disease, Cohort study, Denmark, Europe, Follow up study, Epidemiology, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0330230

    Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 10/04/1997.