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  1. Posttraumatic stress symptoms following forensic dental identification : Mt. Carmel, Waco, Texas.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    This study was conducted to determine risk factors for posttraumatic stress in medical care professionals who perform postmortem identifications.

    Method 

    Thirty-one dentists (29 men and two women) who had identified the dead from the fire at the Branch Davidian compound in April 1993 were compared to 47 dentists (45 men and two women) who lived in the area but had not identified any of these remains.

    Posttraumatic symptoms in both groups were measured by using the Impact of Event Scale and the Brief Symptom inventory.

    For the remains handlers only, the subjective distress of handling remains and the social support received during the procedure were reported.

    Results 

    Higher scores on the Impact of Event Scale intrusion subscale, the overall impact of Event Scale, and the obsessive-compulsive subscale of the Brief Symptom Inventory were found for the remains handlers than for the comparison group.

    Within the remains handler group, distress was significantly related to the hours of exposure to the remains, prior experience handling remains, age, and the support received from spouses and co-workers during the identifications.

    Conclusions 

    Posttraumatic stress symptoms can be expected in some health professionals who perform postmortem identifications.

    Prior experience and social support may mitigate some of these responses.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Trouble anxieux, Effet psychologique, Identification, Cadavre, Dentiste, Dentition, Médecine légale, Expertise médicolégale, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Anxiety disorder, Psychological effect, Identification, Cadaver, Dentist, Dentition, Legal medicine, Medicolegal expertise, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0328491

    Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 10/04/1997.