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  1. Obsessive-compulsive characteristics : From symptoms to syndrome.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To assess the distribution and severity of obsessions and compulsions in a nonclinical adolescent population.

    Method 

    During preinduction military screening, 861 sixteen-year-old Israelis completed a questionnaire regarding the lifetime presence of eight obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms and three severity measures.

    The presence or absence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or subclinical OCD was ascertained by an independent interview.

    Results 

    Although only 8.0% and 6.3% of respondents reported disturbing and intrusive thoughts, respectively, 27% to 72% of subjects endorsed the six remaining OCD symptoms.

    Twenty percent of subjects regarded the symptoms they endorsed as senseless and 3.5% found them disturbing ; 8% reported spending more than an hour daily on symptoms.

    OCD and subclinical OCD cases differed significantly from non-OCD cases, but not from each other, in distress and mean number of symptoms.

    Although the distribution of nine of the items differed for noncases, compared with OCD and subclinical OCD cases, the distributions for all items overlapped markedly across the three groups.

    Conclusions 

    OC phenomena appear to be on a continuum with few symptoms and minimal severity at one end and many symptoms and severe impairment on the other.

    Defining optimal cutoff points for distinguishing between psychiatric disorder and OC phenomena that are common in the general population remains an open question.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Obsession compulsion, Trouble anxieux, Epidémiologie, Indice gravité, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obsessive compulsive disorder, Anxiety disorder, Epidemiology, Severity score, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0327853

    Code Inist : 002B18C08B. Création : 10/04/1997.