Although the close relation between blood pressure and physical development in adolescence has been established in cross-sectional and comparative cross-sectional studies, the entire trend of systolic blood pressure (SBP) during adolescence has not been elucidated in conjunction with physical development in a longitudinal study.
Blood pressure (mmHg), body weight (kg), and body height (m) were measured annually for 418 subjects in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, from age 10 (1955 or 1956) through 18 years (1963 or 1964).
The Gompertz growth model was used to determine the velocity of weight increase (VEL) during that age period.
The relations between SBP from age 10 to 18 and VEL, weight, height, body mass index (BMI ; weight/height2, kg/m2), and the age at which the measurements were made were investigated individually using random-coefficient growth-curve analysis.
The SBP trend for the 10-to 18-year age period could be shown by the following prediction equations :
for the 163 Hiroshima males,
SBP=82.38+0.89 VEL at age 1.15 years prior to the current examination (VEL (age 1.15))+1.40 BMI ;
for the 57 Nagasaki males,
SBP=92.70+1.07 VEL (age - 1.15)+0.79 BMI ;
for the 148 Hiroshima females,
SBP=104.88+1.63 VEL (age - 1.15)+0.05 BMI ;
for the 50 Nagasaki females,
SBP=113.62+1.67 VEL (age - 1.15) - 0.59 BMI.
VEL 1.15 years prior to the current examination was significantly and positively related to SBP in each city by sex group (p<0. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Biométrie corporelle, Anthropométrie, Développement staturopondéral, Poids corporel, Taille corporelle, Indice masse corporelle, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme, Préadolescent, Pression sanguine, Hémodynamique, Age, Analyse statistique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Corporal biometry, Anthropometry, Somatic growth, Body weight, Body size, Body mass index, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human, Preadolescent, Blood pressure, Hemodynamics, Age, Statistical analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0327754
Code Inist : 002A16B. Création : 10/04/1997.