Controversy of oral contraceptives and risk of rheumatoid arthritis : Meta-analysis of conflicting studies and review of conflicting meta-analyses with special emphasis on analysis of heterogeneity.
The authors analyze the heterogeneity present in the combined results of past observational studies that investigated the association between oral contraceptive use and rheumatoid arthritis.
The authors also evaluate discrepancies among meta-analyses that focus on the same relation.
Of the 15 initially reviewed studies, 10 were selected for this meta-analysis, which also includes a qualitative summary of study characteristics and a critical appraisal of study quality.
The authors used the direct method to combine the study results when there was no evidence of heterogeneity and the DerSimonian-Laird method when heterogeneity was present.
Using a meta-regression to assess the sources of heterogeneity, the authors weighted summary estimates by sample size and undertook a sensitivity analysis.
There was a strong indication of heterogeneity when combining all studies (khi2=29.34, p=0.00060) with the source of controls explaining most of the heterogeneity.
The most important factor in explaining the differences among the overall summary estimates given by the meta-analyses is that different effect estimates had been selected for the same studies.
There is no conclusive evidence of a protective effect of oral contraceptives on the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
Consensus is needed on how meta-analyses of observational studies should be conducted.
Mots-clés Pascal : Polyarthrite rhumatoïde, Epidémiologie, Contraceptif, Voie orale, Contraception, Femme, Homme, Métaanalyse, Toxicité, Chronique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire, Immunopathologie, Maladie autoimmune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rheumatoid arthritis, Epidemiology, Contraceptive, Oral administration, Contraception, Woman, Human, Metaanalysis, Toxicity, Chronic, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Inflammatory joint disease, Immunopathology, Autoimmune disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0327749
Code Inist : 002B15D. Création : 10/04/1997.