To determine the prevalence of HIV-1 and HTLV-I/II among female prostitutes from different areas of the city of Buenos Aires, we studied serum samples from 237 individuals (mean age : 25 ; range 17 to 39).
Prostitutes were recruited from 16 different Buenos Aires locations with different economical status.
Information on sexual behavior, health and socioeconomic conditions was collected through a questionnaire.
HIV-1 and HTLV-I/II antibodies (ab) were tested by ELISA (Abbott) and Particle agglutination (Fujirebio, Tokyo) respectively.
Positive results were confirmed by immunofluorescence assay.
Samples that were positive for HIV-1 antibodies were also tested for p24 antigen (Abbott).
VDRL for syphilis was performed in all samples.
Fifteen (6.3%) out of the 237 individuals were positive for HIV-1 antibodies.
Moreover, 2 (0.8%) HIV-1 seropositive prostitutes were also positive for HTLV-I/II antibodies and for HIV p24-Ag.
Eventhough PCR for HTLV-I/II was not performed, titration by IFA in these two samples suggests HTLV-I.
Our serologic results indicate a relatively high HIV-I infection among prostitutes working in Buenos Aires.
As we previously mentioned for other risk groups, we found an association between HTLV-I/II and HIV-1 infection in this particular group. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Sérologie, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Virus HIV2, Virus HTLV2, Virus HTLV1, Femme, Homme, Prostitution, Argentine, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Serology, Prevalence, Epidemiology, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, HIV-2 virus, HTLV-II virus, HTLV-I virus, Woman, Human, Prostitution, Argentina, South America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0324550
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 10/04/1997.