In March 1990, a mysterious outbreak of illness spread suddenly among thousands of ethnic Albanian high school students in Kosovo (Yugoslavia).
It was an unprecedented event on the worldwide scale both in terms of the number of cases and in terms of controversies concerning the aetiology.
A retrospective analysis indicated that the epidemic consisted mainly of cases who felt ill in the absence of exposure to any physical agent.
It is suggested that in an atmosphere of severe tension between the two ethnic groups living in Kosovo an increased frequency of respiratory infections may have triggered mass sociogenic illness.
Mots-clés Pascal : Conflit politique, Effet psychologique, Ethnie, Interaction sociale, Etudiant, Homme, Yougoslavie, Europe, Hystérie de masse
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Political conflict, Psychological effect, Ethnic group, Social interaction, Student, Human, Yugoslavia, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0323652
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 10/04/1997.