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  1. Fulltext. Body mass index in young adults : Associations with parental body size and education in the CARDIA study.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    Associations of parental education, parental body size, and offspring's education with body mass index and 7-year change in body mass index were examined among participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study.

    Methods

    CARDIA is a study of coronary artery disease risk factors in 5115 Black and White persons aged 18 to 30 at baseline.

    Analyses of covariance were carried out with body mass index and change in body mass index as the dependent variables, and with parental education, parental body size, and participants education as the major independent variables.

    Results

    Father's body size was positively associated with participant's baseline body mass index among Black man, White men, and White women.

    Mother's body size was positively associated with baseline body mass index among all race-sex groups, and with change in body mass index among White women.

    Father's education was inversely associated with baseline body mass index among Black men and White women, and with change among White women.

    Conclusions

    Parental education may influence body mass index and changes in young adulthood, especially among White women.

    Such associations may be both genetic and environmental and may be important for obesity prevention efforts.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Indice masse corporelle, Adulte jeune, Homme, Epidémiologie, Obésité, Niveau étude, Parent, Taille corporelle, Statut socioéconomique, Biométrie corporelle, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition, Etude CARDIA

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Body mass index, Young adult, Human, Epidemiology, Obesity, Education level, Parent, Body size, Socioeconomic status, Corporal biometry, United States, North America, America, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0322253

    Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 10/04/1997.