1 The described analytical procedure permits the simultaneous determination of the main n-hexane metabolites in urine. 2-Hexanone, 2-hexanol, 2,5-hexanediol and 2,5-hexanedione, were chosen to dose the rats used in this study.
All urine samples were collected and analysed on a daily basis, before and after acidic hydrolysis (pH 0.1) by GC/MS. 2-Hexanone, 2,5-dimethylfurane, gamma-valerolactone and 2,5-hexanedione were determined before hydrolysis ; 2-hexanol and 2,5-hexanediol, after hydrolysis ; and 5-hydroxy-2-hexanone and 4,5-dihydroxy-2-hexanone were calculated by the difference between gamma-valerolactone and 2,5-hexanedione with and without hydrolysis, respectively. 2 A metabolic scheme was proposed reflecting the biotransformations undergone by the four compounds assayed.
We consider 2,5-dimethylfurane as a'true metabolite'because the quantities detected were always greater before hydrolysis. 3 It has been reported that human and rat n-hexane metabolism follow a similar pattern.
Therefore, as a practical application and without increasing either sample or time requirements, the simultaneous quantification of the different metabolites and their excretion profile could provide better information about the metabolic situation of exposed workers than the determination of 2,5-hexanedione alone.
According to our experimental results, 4,5-dihydroxy-2-hexanone itself would be a good toxicity indicator.
Mots-clés Pascal : Solvant organique, Hexane, Substance toxicomanogène, Inhalation, Hexane-2,5-dione, Métabolite, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Surveillance biologique, Analyse quantitative, Urine, Liquide biologique, Rat, Rodentia, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Animal, Mesure simultanée, Homme, Marqueur biologique, Hexane-2-one
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organic solvent, Hexane, Drug of abuse, Inhalation, Metabolite, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Biological monitoring, Quantitative analysis, Urine, Biological fluid, Rat, Rodentia, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Animal, Simultaneous measurement, Human, Biological marker
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0321530
Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 10/04/1997.