Epidemiological studies of the respiratory effects of air pollution.
Environmental epidemiological studies of the health effects of air pollution have been major contributors to the understanding of such effects.
The chronic effects of atmospheric pollutants have been studied, but, except for the known respiratory effects of particulate matter (PM), they have not been studied conclusively.
There are ongoing studies of the chronic effects of certain pollutant classes, such as ozone, acid rain, airborne toxics, and the chemical form of PM (including diesel exhaust).
Acute effects on humans due to outdoor and indoor exposures to several gases/fumes and PM have been demonstrated in epidemiological studies.
However, the effects of these environmental factors on susceptible individuals are not known conclusively.
These acute effects are especially important because they increase the human burden of minor illnesses, increase disability, and are thought to decrease productivity.
They may be related to the increased likelihood of chronic disease as well.
Further research is needed in this latter area, to determine the contributions of the time-related activities of individuals in different microenvironments (outdoors, in homes, in transit).
Key elements of further studies are the assessment of total exposure to the different pollutants (occurring from indoor and outdoor sources) and the interactive effects of pollutants. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Bronchite, Chronique, Pollution air, Article synthèse, Toxicité, Epidémiologie, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Bronchitis, Chronic, Air pollution, Review, Toxicity, Epidemiology, Human, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0321510
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 10/04/1997.