Ubertragung humanpathogener Viren durch Lebensmittel : Hepatitis A-Epidemie ausgelöst durch Backwaren im Kreis Euskirchen (NRW).
Traduction en anglais : Transmission of human pathogenic viruses via food : Bakery products causing hepatitis A epidemic in Germany (District of Euskirchen).
In the last few years many reports have documented that human pathogenic viruses are transmitted via food and can cause epidemics.
Between November 1994 and February 1995 a HAV epidemic was recorded in the village and agricultural area of Euskirchen (Germany). 49 persons with HAV infections were registered.
It seems that the epidemic started in a bakery and was caused by an employee who had spent his holidays in the Dominican Republic and came back already excreting the virus via his faeces.
Two weeks later he developed a symptomatic illness.
HAV is transmitted via a fecal-oral cycle.
Lack of hygiene in food production and distribution cause the risk of secondary virus contamination.
Virus transmission via food is first of all a problem in uncooked food.
To ensure success in food safety in respect of foodborne human pathogenic viruses it is important to establish personal hygienic education, cleaning and disinfection plans and preventive measures such as immunization to avoid viruses in the food.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale A, Virose, Infection, Intoxication alimentaire, Produit cuisson, Boulangerie, Epidémie, Hygiène, Transmission, Homme, Allemagne, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis A, Viral disease, Infection, Food poisoning, Bakery product, Bakery, Epidemic, Hygiene, Transmission, Human, Germany, Europe, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0320387
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 10/04/1997.