In most migrations some selection takes place either by the absorbing country and/or the individuals who emigrate.
Israel has an open-door policy for immigrants and the recent large wave of immigrants from the former Soviet Union was made up of entire families rather than individuals.
This provided an opportunity to examine the issue of migration and psychological distress more directly.
A nationwide sample of 600 immigrants who arrived during the preceding year were interviewed in December 1990.
Their psychological distress was measured by the PERI Demoralization questionnaire.
For both genders, the mean demoralization score of the immigrant sample was found to be significantly higher than that reported for the Israeli-born population (after controlling for education).
The factors that were found to be correlated with the level of distress were mostly individual characteristics of the immigrants (e.g. profession, religiousness, former residence in the Chernobyl region, previous contact with the health profession because of psychological problems).
Increased distress was also significantly related to perceived lack of social support in Israel, which may in fact be partly determined by personality traits.
Mots-clés Pascal : Immigrant, Russe, Israël, Asie, Bien être psychologique, Trouble humeur, Enquête, Epidémiologie, Homme, Détresse psychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Immigrant, Russian, Israel, Asia, Psychological well being, Mood disorder, Inquiry, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0319071
Code Inist : 002B18C07D. Création : 10/04/1997.