The main source of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the sun, and individual habits with respect to solar radiation exposure are important in assessing personal risk associated with UVR exposure.
Measurements of solar radiation have been made worldwide for many years to obtain information regarding terrestrial solar UVR.
Many of these measurement programmes have been concerned with environmental issues, such as predicted increases in UVR due to stratospheric ozone depletion.
However, generally these measurements have not been coordinated and provide only a limited data base on personal exposure to solar UVR for epidemiological studies.
In addition, few programmes have involved continuous measurements over long periods, most measurements being made sporadically on a range of instruments with little or no interlaboratory comparisons.
Within the UK, the National Radiological Protection Board has measured visible, ultraviolet UVA and erythemally weighted UVR from the sun simultaneously and continuously using broad-band detectors at Chilton (latitude 52°N), Leeds (54°N) and Glasgow (56°N) since May 1988.
During the past few years, the measurement network has been extended to cover the range of latitudes from 50°N to 60°N at approximately every 2° of latitude) appropriate to the whole of the UK.
This was achieved by establishing additional measurement sites at Meteorological Office locations at Camborne (50°N), Kinloss (58°N) and Lerwick (60°N). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Rayonnement UV, Rayonnement solaire, Analyse risque, Dosimétrie, Radioprotection, Spectroradiométrie, Large bande, Détecteur, Royaume Uni, Europe, Variation temporelle, Article synthèse, Couche appauvrissement, Ozone
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ultraviolet radiation, Solar radiation, Risk analysis, Dosimetry, Radioprotection, Spectroradiometry, Wide band, Detector, United Kingdom, Europe, Time variation, Review, Depletion layer, Ozone
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0318991
Code Inist : 002A08F05. Création : 10/04/1997.