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  1. Race and self assessed health status : the role of socioeconomic factors in the USA.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective

    To estimate relative odds ratios and to ascertain the relative contribution of each socioeconomic covariate in explaining racial disparities in self assessed health status (for example, global health perceptions and functional limitations of daily activities).

    Design

    National representative data from the 1987-88 national survey offamilies and households, a multistage, stratified probability sample of non-institutionalised American adults age 19 and older, were used.

    Logistic regression models enabled a multistage building strategy to be used in the analyses.

    Participants and setting

    The study included three racial groups : whites (n=9419), blacks (n=2391), and Hispanics (n=1004).

    While face to face interviews were carried out with each respondent, some portions of the interview were self administered to collect sensitive information.

    Main results

    Compared with whites, blacks and Hispanics were more likely to assess health as poor and report having functional limitations of daily activities.

    Socioeconomic factors tended to play a different role in explaining racial disparities in self assessed health status.

    In global health, education tended to play a significant role in accounting for health disparities between whites and Hispanics.

    In functional limitations, none of the covariates explained racial differences for blacks, whereas for Hispanics, education and marital status explained racial differences. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Autoévaluation, Race, Epidémiologie, Homme, Activité, Vie quotidienne, Statut socioéconomique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Self evaluation, Race, Epidemiology, Human, Activity, Daily living, Socioeconomic status, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0318461

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.