To examine the association between parental smoking habits and the nutrient intake and food choice of teenagers aged 16-17 years, allowing for differences in teenage smoking and the social class and regional distribution of the participants.
Data were collected from the 1970 longitudinal birth cohort, cross-sectionally at 16-17 years.
The smoking habits of teenagers were evaluated from a questionnaire completed by the subjects themselves, and the smoking habits of parents by interview.
The nutrient and food intakes of teenagers were quantitatively assessed using a four day unweighed dietary diary.
The participants were distributed throughout Britain.
A subsample of 1222 males and 1735 females was isolated from respondents to the 1970 birth cohort 16-17 year data collection sweep undertaken in 1986-87.
Parental smoking habits were associated with different dietary patterns among teenagers regardless of whether the teenagers themselves smoked.
Dietary differences noted were similar to those observed previously among smokers, with lower intakes of fibre, vitamin C, vitamin E, folates, and magnesium in particular reported among both males and females in households where parents were smokers.
These lower intakes were associated with lower intakes of fruit juices, wholemeal bread, and some vegetables. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation alimentaire, Comportement alimentaire, Adolescent, Homme, Epidémiologie, Tabagisme, Parent, Alimentation, Nutriment, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Food intake, Feeding behavior, Adolescent, Human, Epidemiology, Tobacco smoking, Parent, Feeding, Nutrient, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0317968
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 10/04/1997.