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  1. Child mortality following standard, medium or high titre measles immunization in West Africa.

    Article - En anglais

    25 : 665-673.


    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the use of high titre measles vaccine in 1989.

    Subsequent long term follow-up of several trials yielded results suggesting higher mortality among children inoculated with medium and high titre vaccines compared to standard titre vaccines, although none of the individual trials found significant differences in mortality.


    Long term survival after standard, medium and high titre measles vaccines has been investigated in a combined analysis of all West African trials with mortality data.

    In trials from Guinea-Bissau, The Gambia and Senegal, children received medium or high titre vaccines from 4 months of age and were compared to control groups recruited at the same time later receiving standard titre vaccine from 9 months of age.

    All children were followed up to at least 3 years old.


    Combining trials of high titre vaccines showed higher mortality among the high titre group compared to the standard group : mortality ratio (MR) 1.33 (95% Cl : 1.02-1.73).

    Mortality among recipients of medium titre vaccines was not different from that in the standard vaccine group, MR=1.11 (95% Cl : 0.54-2.27).

    In a combined analysis by sex, the adjusted mortality ratios comparing high titre vaccine with standard vaccine were 1.86 (95% Cl : 1.28-2.70) for females and 0.91 (95% Cl : 0.61-1.35) for males.

    The trials were not designed to study long term mortality. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Complication, Epidémiologie, Relation dose réponse, Vaccin, Posologie, Prévention, Enfant, Homme, Rougeole, Virose, Infection, Toxicité, Sexe, Afrique Ouest, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Complication, Epidemiology, Dose activity relation, Vaccine, Posology, Prevention, Child, Human, Measles, Viral disease, Infection, Toxicity, Sex, West Africa, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0317943

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.