Socioeconomic differences have been described among the Spanish population.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether these variations are associated with differences in the use of health services between socioeconomic groups in Spain, taking into account self-perceived health as a measure of need.
Data were obtained from the 1987 Spanish National Health Survey.
Socioeconomic position was measured by educational level and household income.
Health care use was measured in two ways : prevalence of having consulted a doctor and of hospitalization over a defined period of time.
Logistic regression models were used to analyse the relationships of interest.
After adjustment for age, an inverse association was seen between education and both consultation with a doctor and hospitalization.
A very different picture emerged when the association between socioeconomic position and probability of health service use was examined according to level of self-perceived health.
Among those with poor or very poor health, people in higher educational groups showed the greatest probability of consulting a doctor (odds ratio [OR]=1.41,95% confidence interval [Cl] : 0.89-2.23) or of being hospitalized (OR=1.79,95% Cl : 1.09-2.93) compared to those in the lower educational groups.
The corresponding OR for household income were 1.02 (95% Cl : 0.74-1.42) for consultation with a doctor and 1.67 (95% Cl : 1.1-2.44) for hospitalization. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Autoperception, Santé, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Utilisation, Inégalité, Service santé, Homme, Espagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Self perception, Health, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Use, Inequality, Health service, Human, Spain, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0317931
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 10/04/1997.