Information about circumstances leading to disaster-related deaths helps emergency response coordinators and other public health officials respond to the needs of disaster victims and develop policies for reducing the mortality and morbidity of future disasters.
In this paper, we describe the decedent population, circumstances of death, and population-based mortality rates related to Hurricane Andrew, and propose recommendations for evaluating and reducing the public health impact of natural disasters.
To ascertain the number and circumstances of deaths attributed to Hurricane Andrew in Florida and Louisiana, we contacted medical examiners in 11 Florida counties and coroners in 36 Louisiana parishes.
In Florida medical examiners attributed 44 deaths to the hurricane.
The mortality rate for directly-related deaths was 4.4 per 1 000 000 population and that for indirectly-related deaths was 8.5 per 1 000 000 population.
In Louisiana, coroners attributed 11 resident deaths to the hurricane.
Mortality rates were 0.6 per 1 000 000 population for deaths directly related to the storm and 2.8 for deaths indirectly related to the storm.
Six additional deaths occurred among nonresidents who drowned in international waters in the Gulf of Mexico.
In both Florida and Louisiana, mortality rates generally increased with age and were higher among whites and males.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Homme, Ouragan, Epidémiologie, Floride, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Louisiane, Sinistre
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Human, Hurricane, Epidemiology, Florida, United States, North America, America, Louisiana, Disaster
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0316664
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.