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  1. Socioeconomic differences in'avoidable'mortality in Sweden 1986-1990.

    Article - En anglais

    Background.'Avoidable'mortality is commonly studied as an indicator of the outcome of health care.

    In this study socioeconomic differences in avoidable mortality in Sweden from 1986 to 1990 are analysed and related methodological issues discussed.

    Methods

    The 1985 Swedish Population and Housing Census was linked to the National Cause of Death Register 1986-1990.

    Mortality from potentially'avoidable'causes of death was analysed for the age group 21-64 years.

    Analyses were performed for different socioeconomic groups, blue-collar workers, white-collar workers and the self-employed as well as for individuals outside the labour market.

    Standardized Mortality Ratios were calculated using standardization by age and sex.

    Results

    For all indicators studied, the death rates for those not in work were higher than for people at work.

    The largest differences were found for chronic bronchitis, diabetes, bacterial meningitis, ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, chronic rheumatic heart disease, asthma and hypertensive and cerebrovascular disease.

    For these causes of death the risk of dying was between 3.1 and 7.5 times greater in the non-working population than in the work-force.

    The differences in avoidable mortality between blue-collar workers and white-collar workers and the self-employed were, however, much smaller.

    For most of the indicators no significant differences were found.

    For ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, however, the death rate for blue-collar workers was 2. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Statut socioéconomique, Méthodologie, Qualité, Soin, Pronostic, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle, Chomage, Suède, Europe, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic status, Methodology, Quality, Care, Prognosis, Socioeconomic category, Unemployment, Sweden, Europe, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0316498

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.