United States lung carcinoma incidence trends : Declining for most histologic types among males, increasing among females.
Lung carcinoma is now the most frequently diagnosed major cancer in the world and is also the most common cause of cancer deaths in males and females in the United States and worldwide.
Based on trends in cigarette smoking and on analysis of lung cancer rates by birth cohort, it was predicted that a decline would occur in age-adjusted lung cancer rates, initially in males, and approximately 10 years later in females.
We evaluated age-adjusted lung cancer incidence rates for changes in trends by race, sex, and histologic type to determine if and when rates may have started declining.
We analyzed population-based incidence data from the National Cancer Institute's Third National Cancer Survey conducted between 1969 and 1971 and from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End-Results (SEER) program conducted between 1974 and 1991.
Age-adjusted rates were plotted by time period using a logarithmic scale for the ordinate.
We used regression methods for grouped time-to-response data to fit a model to the disease rate for age, and calendar year to estimate the calendar year of maximum disease rate.
During this period, the overall age-adjusted lung cancer incidence rate rose from 37.8 to 68.2 per 100,000.
Lung cancer rates in both white and black males climaxed around 1984 and declined subsequently. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome, Bronchopulmonaire, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Type histologique, Sexe, Race, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinoma, Bronchopulmonary, Incidence, Epidemiology, Histological type, Sex, Race, United States, North America, America, Human, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0316168
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 10/04/1997.