Prevalence of pathological gambling refers to the percentage of cases of pathological gambling occurring in the community at a given time.
Prevalence studies conducted in different principalities throughout the world are reviewed, and it is found that none of them conforms to this definition of prevalence.
The major error in all but the most recent surveys conducted is identified as the use of questions which ask whether gambling-related problems have ever occurred rather than whether they are currently occurring.
This error will lead to an over-estimation of the prevalence of pathological gambling in society.
The second major error identified in nearly all studies involves the accuracy of the screens being used to assess whether or not an individual is a pathological gambler.
Concerns about the efficiency of the South Oaks Gambling Screen have not yet been satisfactorily resolved.
None-the-less, the widespread use of the South Oaks Gambling Screen has made a valuable contribution to international comparisons of prevalence studies.
Future work that explores the emerging relationship between levels of personal expenditure on gambling, types of gambling product and gambling-related problems are recommended.
Mots-clés Pascal : Jeu hasard, Trouble contrôle impulsion, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etats Unis, Australie, Océanie, Nouvelle Zélande, Espagne, Europe, Recherche scientifique, Méthodologie, Etude critique, Homme, Jeu pathologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gambling game, Impulse control disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Canada, North America, America, United States, Australia, Oceania, New Zealand, Spain, Europe, Scientific research, Methodology, Critical study, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0307960
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 10/04/1997.