To estimate the risk of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee due to long-term weight-bearing sports activity in ex-elite athletes and the general population.
A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 81 female ex-elite athletes (67 middle-and long-distance runners, and 14 tennis players), currently ages 40-65, recruited from original playing records, and 977 age-matched female controls, taken from the age-sex register of the offices of a group general practice in Chingford, Northeast London, England.
The definition of OA included radiologic changes (joint space narrowing and osteophytosis) in the hip joints, patellofemoral (PF) joints, and tibiofemoral (TF) joints.
Compared with controls of similar age, the ex-athletes had greater rates of radiologic OA at all sites.
This association increased further after adjustment for height and weight differences, and was strongest for the presence of osteophytes at the TF joints (odds ratio [OR] 3.57,95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.89-6.71), at the PF joints (OR 3.50,95% CI 1.80-6.81), narrowing at the PF joints (OR 2.97,95% CI 1.15-7.67), femoral osteophytes (OR 2.52,95% CI 1.01-6.26), and hip joint narrowing (OR 1.60,95% CI 0.73-3.48), and was weakest for narrowing at the TF joints (OR 1.17,95% CI 0.71-1.94). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Arthrose, Hanche, Genou, Femelle, Homme, Sportif, Facteur risque, Tennis, Course, Compétition, Epidémiologie, Membre inférieur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Arthropathie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Osteoarthritis, Hip, Knee, Female, Human, Athlete, Risk factor, Tennis, Running locomotion, Competition, Epidemiology, Lower limb, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Arthropathy, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0305291
Code Inist : 002B15E. Création : 10/04/1997.