ECT and minors : Social Sciences solutions will reform the psychiatric abuse of infants, children and adolescents.
ECT/EST (electroconvulsive therapy/electroshock therapy) is a controversial treatment which has provoked considerable debate, both within mental health services and wider society, since its original development in a slaughterhouse in 1938.
The intensity of the debate rightly increased, however, when in 1947 ECT was given to a new client population : children and adolescents.
Although some psychiatrists have recently claimed that ECT with children and adolescents is a'non-issue'the data do not support this claim.
Rather, analysis of the the data shows that ECT is often used with minors as a'first-line'treatment.
Mental health professionals who continue to deliver electric shocks to children or adolescents with still-developing neurological systems risk serious consequences.
With an unknown mechanism of action, and unpredictable main and side-effects, this practice should be examined in the light of social science perspectives.
An interdisciplinary framework is required, both to understand the problem and to generate solutions.
This questionable treatment will be discussed with respect to sociological perspectives, psychology, social policy, philosophy and health economics.
Current behaviours and attitudes of educators, researchers and managers are also high-lighted... (.).
Mots-clés Pascal : Electronarcose, Enfant, Adolescent, Ethique, Efficacité, Sociologie, Formation, Etudiant, Psychiatrie, Santé mentale, Soin, Personnel sanitaire, Royaume Uni, Australie, Etats Unis
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Electronarcosis, Child, Adolescent, Ethics, Efficiency, Sociology, Formation, Student, Psychiatry, Mental health, Care, Health staff, United Kingdom, Australia, United States
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 96/08 V
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199701.