This study was undertaken to determine risk factors associated with hazardous substance releases (at fixed facilities or during transport) that have public health consequences.
Data from nine states with surveillance systems for such releases and their consequences were analyzed.
Risk factors were determined for releases resulting in (1) injuries or (2) evacuations.
Both outcomes were more likely to occur as a result of facility releases (odds ratio [OR]=1.89,95% confidence interval [CI]=1.44,2.47, for injuries ; OR=3.29,95% CI=2.28,4.74, for evacuations).
Releases of ammonia, chlorine, and acids resulted in injuries and evacuations more frequently than releases of other substances.
Mots-clés Pascal : Produit dangereux, Fuite, Toxicité, Evacuation personne, Composé chimique, Surveillance, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Accident, Transport produit chimique, Industrie chimique, Urgence, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Dangerous product, Leak, Toxicity, Person evacuation, Chemical compound, Surveillance, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Accident, Chemical product transportation, Chemical industry, Emergency, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0300060
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 199608.