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  1. Increased prevalence of alcoholism in relatives of depressed and bipolar children.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    Previous publications from the « Nortriptyline in Childhood Depression : Follow-up Study » reported increased prevalence rates of mood disorders and alcoholism in the relatives of prepubertal depressed subjects.

    This article presents data on the association versus independent transmission of alcohol and mood disorders in the families of these subjects.

    Method 

    The follow-up study included 6-to 12-year-olds with major depressive disorder (MDD) and matched normal controls.

    After 2 to 5 years of follow-up, bipolarity developed in 31.7% of the MDD subjects.

    Family history data for the first-and second-degree relatives and first cousins of the 76 nonadopted MDD subjects and the 31 controls were obtained from the subjects'mothers, using the Family History-Research Diagnostic Criteria.

    Results 

    The prevalence of alcoholism among the relatives of the MDD and bipolar probands was two to three times that reported for control relatives and twice that reported for the relatives of adult MDD and bipolar probands.

    Mood disorders and maternal alcoholism were independently transmitted while paternal alcoholism increased the risk for mood disorder in offspring.

    Conclusions 

    The potential psychosocial and genetic effects of familial alcoholism need to be considered for the clinical management and investigation of childhood-onset mood disorders.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Histoire familiale, Alcoolisme, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Trouble bipolaire, Déterminisme génétique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etude longitudinale, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Family story, Alcoholism, Depression, Mood disorder, Bipolar disorder, Genetic inheritance, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Follow up study, Risk factor, Child, Human, Adolescent

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0299648

    Code Inist : 002B18D09. Création : 199608.