There has been an impression from published work that Crohn's disease is less common in southern than in northern Europe.
A low incidence of Crohn's disease has been observed in Greece, but conclusive data are still lacking.
A 5-year prospective and population-based epidemiologic study of Crohn's disease was carried out in a well-defined area of Crete.
The mean annual incidence of the disease for the years 1990-94 was 3.0 per 105 inhabitants.
During the study period the incidence increased from 1.9/105 in 1990 to 3.8/105 in 1994.
The male to female ratio was 2.4 : 1. The age group 25-34 years had the highest age-adjusted incidence (6.3/105).
The incidence of Crohn's disease was also found to be higher in smokers, in urban areas, and in people with high educational level.
Crohn's disease is common in Heraklion, Crete.
The findings of the study are discussed in relation to those of other European countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Entérite Crohn, Incidence, Relation, Localisation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Crête, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Maladie inflammatoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Crohn disease, Incidence, Relation, Localization, Epidemiology, Human, Crest, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Inflammatory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0299438
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199608.