Residents in five nursing homes in central Sydney were asked to take part in a study of depression and anxiety.
One hundred and seven subjects who scored 18 or more on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were interviewed using an anxiety questionnaire devised by Lindesay et al. (1989) as well as the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS).
Lindesay et al. found that 3.7% of elderly people in the community had generalized anxiety.
Based on scores obtained on the anxiety questionnaire, 12 of the 107 (11.2%) were considered to have generalized anxiety.
When subsequently these 12 were seen by a psychiatrist, the following DSM-III-R diagnoses were made : generalized anxiety disorder (3), panic disorder plus anxiety (one), mood disorder (three), schizophrenia (one), personality disorder (one) and no psychiatric disorder-realistic worries (3).
As in previous studies, a strong association was shown between anxiety and depression ; seven of the 12 (58%) were rated on the GDS as definitely depressed, compared with only 24% of the non-anxious.
More of them were taking antidepressants.
Phobic disorders were common (14% of subjects) but without causing persistent distress in most cases.
Only two subjects had panic disorder.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Trouble anxieux, Etablissement troisième âge, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Australie, Océanie, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Epidemiology, Anxiety disorder, Homes for the aged, Depression, Mood disorder, Australia, Oceania, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0297374
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 199608.