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  1. Marriage protection and marriage selection : Prospective evidence for reciprocal effects of marital status and health.

    Article - En anglais

    Married adults are generally healthier than unmarried adults.

    It has been hypothesized that marriage is associated with good health because marriage has beneficial effects on health (marriage protection effects) and/or because healthier individuals are more likely to marry and to stay married (marriage selection effects).

    To investigate these hypotheses, this study analyzes prospective panel data for a large national sample of women in the U.S. (the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women).

    The women were aged 24-34 yr at the beginning of two successive five-year follow-up intervals.

    Analyses of the prospective data indicate that there were significant marriage protection effects, but only among women who were not employed.

    Specifically, for women who were not employed, married women had better health trends than unmarried women in each follow-up interval.

    It appears that marriage had beneficial effects on health for women who did not have a job which could provide an alternative source of financial resources and social support.

    In addition, analyses of the prospective data provide limited evidence for marriage selection effects.

    Specifically, women who had better health initially were more likely to marry and less likely to experience marital dissolution, but only for women who were not employed full-time and only during the first follow-up interval.

    Thus, the prospective evidence suggests that, for women who were not employed, both marriage protecti...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Statut conjugal, Mariage, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adulte jeune, Homme, Femelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Marital status, Marriage, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Young adult, Human, Female

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0297320

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199608.