THIS ARTICLE FIRST will explain the reasons behind and goals of state recoupment actions against the major cigarette manufacturers, their lobbying arm and trade association, and their public relations firms (collectively referred to as the « tobacco industry ») for the recovery of Medicaid and other indigent care expenditures on smoking-related illnesses.
These are, primarily, to relieve the heavy financial burden on state treasuries and to stop the tobacco industry from targeting children in advertising and promotions.
To put this new legal approach in perspective, the article presents a brief historical background to the tobacco industry's litigation strategy : to wear down opponents through delay and intimidation, to cast doubt on science, and to wrongfully invoke the attorney-client privilege against disclosure of incriminating evidence.
Next the authors discuss the states'strategy : each filing one suit seeking equitable remedies under theories of restitution/unjust enrichment, indemnity, public nuisance, and injunctive relief to protect the interests of minors, instead of maintaining thousands of product liability claims on behalf of individual smokers.
This will be followed by a critique of the industry's response to state actions : political attacks against attorneys general and trial lawyers and charges that the lawsuits would hurt business as well as a variety of legal challenges, including an imaginative but risky defense that if smoking indeed ca...
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Industrie tabac, Responsabilité publique, Economie santé, Politique sanitaire, Impact économique, Homme, Mississippi, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Tobacco industry, Collective responsibility, Health economy, Health policy, Economic impact, Human, Mississippi, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0287755
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 199608.