Although coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in women in most industrialized countries, much less research has been carried out on this topic to date than in men.
This article gives an overview of psychosocial factors of coronary heart disease in women, focussing on psychosocial risk factors for coronary heart disease in women such as socioeconomic status, employment status, chronic troubling emotions, social support and bereavement/widowhood.
A second focus lies on psychosocial adjustment in women once coronary heart disease has become manifest, i.e. well-being, return to work, sexual activity and rehabilitation outcome after a myocardial infarction or coronary artery bypass grafting.
Via a computerized literature research in Medline, Psychlit and Sociofile over the period 1980-1994 all studies on these topics were collected and reviewed.
Comparatively more research has been undertaken on psychosocial risk factors for than on psychosocial adjustment to coronary heart disease in women.
Low social class, low educational attainment, the double loads of work and family, chronic troubling emotions and lack of social support emerge as documented risk factors in women.
Regarding psychosocial adjustment to coronary heart disease in women, there is a paucity of data, and studies including large samples of women and adjusting for gender are warranted.
Psychosocial adjustment in women after a myocardial infarction seems to be worse than in men, wher...
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Facteur risque, Statut socioéconomique, Support social, Femme, Homme, Revue bibliographique, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur psychosocial
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Risk factor, Socioeconomic status, Social support, Woman, Human, Bibliographic review, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0287447
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 199608.