This report describes the ethical and legal aspects of assisted reproduction technology (ART) that have been instituted in Asian countries.
The data were collected by a questionnaire circulated to ART units in Asia.
These are Taiwan, Singapore, Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, Japan, Iran, India, Jordan, Malaysia, China, Israel, Hong Kong, Pakistan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Persian Gulf countries.
According to the survey, there are approximately 260 ART centers in Asia (half of which are in Japan).
On a global basis each ART centre in Asia serves an average population of 13 million people.
On the other hand, in those Asian countries where the standards of living are relatively high, the availability of ART services, including the more sophisticated and costly ART procedures like micromanipulation, is similar to that in the Western world.
In most of the Asian countries practising ART, however, no state registry exists.
Taiwan is the only country that has specific legislation, and in six other countries some kind of ministerial regulations are practised.
We conclude that ART is now practised in 20 countries in Asia.
The prevailing rules and cultural heritage in many of these Asian countries has a major influence on the implementation of ART in Asia.
However, in view of the complicated and sensitive issues involved, and as no supervision on ART clinics exists in most of these Asian countries, we advocate that some kind of quality control should be urgently insti...
Mots-clés Pascal : Procréation assistée, Législation, Ethique, Enquête, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Assisted procreation, Legislation, Ethics, Inquiry, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0286616
Code Inist : 002B20A04. Création : 199608.