To assess the role played by psychological stress and sociodemographic factors as predictors of burnout in nurses, we administered the AIDS Impact Scale (AIS) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to nurses in the AIDS field.
The sample was composed of 410 nurses from 19 departments for the treatment of infectious diseases.
In these subjects we observed a low level of burnout in the MBI, but a small proportion had a high level of burnout.
We did not find significant associations between sociodemographic variables and the MBI scales.
We found significant correlations between the MBI and three AIS scales that specifically assessed the emotional involvement of nurses in their relationships with patients.
The results suggest that an empathic involved relationship seems to be protective towards burnout rather than a frustrating involved relationship.
Moreover nurses tolerate stress better if they receive supportive social rewards.
We found that the impact of working with HIV-infected patients causes psychological stress (measured with the AIS), but it is a weak predictor of burnout (measured with the MBI).
The results indicated the incompatibility between the relational/defensive model of the AIS and the environmental/work performance model of the MBI.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Immunodéficit, Hémopathie, Personnel sanitaire, Equipe soignante, Infirmier, Stress, Epuisement usure, Milieu professionnel, Sexe, Statut conjugal, Age, Démographie, Relation soignant soigné, Italie, Europe, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immune deficiency, Hemopathy, Health staff, Hospital staff, Nurse, Stress, Occupational burnout, Occupational environment, Sex, Marital status, Age, Demography, Health staff patient relation, Italy, Europe, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0282155
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 199608.