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  1. Statistical methods in rehabilitation literature : A survey of recent publications.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To document the use of statistical methods in the recent rehabilitation research literature.

    Design 

    Descriptive survey study.

    Methods 

    All 1,039 articles published between January 1990 and December 1993 in the American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation were reviewed for the use of statistical methods.

    Results 

    There were 682 (66%) research articles in the sample that included systematic data collection and analysis.

    The most frequently encountered analytic tests and techniques included : (1) analysis of variance, (2) t tests, (3) correlation analysis, (4) contingency table analysis, (5) regression, and (6) nonparametric tests.

    Results were compared with results of a review of the 1982 rehabilitation literature by Wainapel and Kayne.

    Our study showed an increased sophistication in statistical methodology as well as a more intense use of such methods.

    In addition, there was a large number of relatively obscure and poorly documented tests encountered in the more recent literature.

    There was also a lack of adherence to a standardized format for describing statistical methods.

    Conclusions 

    The following recommendations are made : (1) Training curricula for rehabilitation professionals should provide instruction in the most commonly-encountered statistical methods and should be revised as needed to reflect changes in statistical method usage. (2) When less common statistical ...

    Mots-clés Pascal : Réadaptation physique, Littérature, Document publié, Utilisation information, Méthode statistique, Validation, Expérimentation, Etude critique, Revue bibliographique, Homme, Statistique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical rehabilitation, Literature, Published document, Information use, Statistical method, Validation, Experimentation, Critical study, Bibliographic review, Human, Statistics

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0279641

    Code Inist : 002B28F. Création : 199608.