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  1. Fulltext. Is smoking associated with depression and anxiety in teenagers ?

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    An association of smoking with depression and anxiety has been documented in adult smokers.

    This study examines this association in a representative group of teenage smokers.

    Methods

    A two-stage cluster sample of secondary school students in Victoria, Australia, were surveyed by using a computerized questionnaire, which included a 7-day retrospective diary for tobacco use and a structured psychiatric interview.

    Results

    Subjects reporting high levels of depression and anxiety were twice as likely to be smokers after the potential confounders of year level, sex, alcohol use, and parental smoking were controlled for.

    Regular smokers were almost twice as likely as occasional smokers to report high levels of depression and anxiety.

    In a stratified analysis, an association between regular smoking and psychiatric morbidity was found in girls of all ages but for boys only in the youngest group.

    Conclusions

    The cross-sectional association is consistent with the use of smoking by teenage girls as selfmedication for depression and anxiety.

    Therefore, future health promotional campaigns might consider strategies that attent to perceived physchological benefits of smoking.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Adolescent, Homme, Epidémiologie, Etat dépressif, Angoisse anxiété, Sexe, Age, Australie, Océanie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Adolescent, Human, Epidemiology, Depression, Anxiety, Sex, Age, Australia, Oceania

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0276362

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 199608.