Assessment of a severe-weather warning system and disaster preparedness, Calhoun County, Alabama, 1994.
Tornado preparedness, warning system effectiveness, and shelterseeking behavior were examined in two Alabama areas after tornado warnings.
In the area without sirens, only 28.9% of 194 respondents heard a tornado warning ; of these, 73,2% first received the warning from radios or television.
In the area with sirens, 88.1% of 193 respondents heard a warning, and 61.8% first received the warning from a siren ; Knowledge of warnings, access to shelter, and education were key predictors for seeking shelter.
Our findings indicate that installing sirens, providing access to shelter, and teaching appropriata responses to warnings are important elements of an effective disaster prevention system.
Mots-clés Pascal : Sinistre, Tornade, Préparation, Prévention, Homme, Efficacité, Evaluation, Prise conscience, Comportement, Accessibilité, Alabama, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Avertissement, Centre accueil, Sirène
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disaster, Tornado, Preparation, Prevention, Human, Efficiency, Evaluation, Awareness, Behavior, Accessibility, Alabama, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0275035
Code Inist : 002B03A. Création : 199608.